Bone Plating/ Teeth Bone Plating
Various conservative techniques have been utilized to treat Bone Fractures for the past decades, but with technological advancement, internal fixation has been a ground breakthrough in dentistry.
In 1886, Hansmann introduced a technique using retrievable metal bone plates with transcutaneous screws, which was improved by Albin Lambotte, who was a Belgium surgeon. From there, various bone plates and screws were developed to facilitate internal bone plating.
The history continues following the work of several dentists who developed the currently used plates using a number of techniques and procedures such as the dynamic compression plating for craniomaxillofacial trauma to the modern fixation methods.
The Bone & Bone Healing
The bone is an ever-evolving connective tissue that serves vital purposes. Some of the bone functions include;
Forms part of the skeleton
Consists of various cells; such as osteocytes, osteoblasts, and osteoclasts
The bone is necessary for regulation of serum electrolytes
Marrow cavities are full of hematopoietic elements that are vital in the manufacture and maintenance of blood components and also regulate the immune system
The bone is highly metabolically active
The bone is truly a complex organ and during Teeth Bone Plating Treatment in India, the surgeon has to first study one’s bone anatomy (structure) for successful treatment. Bone healing is divided into two categories i.e.
Direct bone healing
Indirect bone healing
Direct Bone Healing
This requires rigid fixation and immobility of fracture segments with a small space between them. With this, the Osteoclasts move to the damaged or fractured region and widen adjacent Haversian systems, allowing the osteoblasts deposit bone matrix causing calcification to occur or formulation of an organized mature lamellar bone.
Indirect Bone Healing
It is required in case of a larger interfragmentary. It is a complex and more complicated process that involves the formation of a fibrocartilaginous intermediary bone callous.
Compression Plate Osteosynthesis
The Compression Plate Osteosynthesis is one of the commonly used technique for fixation of mandible fractures much as some dental surgeons prefer other methods such as compression and dynamic compression plating, and the use of locking bone and reconstruction plates. If used carefully, the compression plate osteosynthesis can producer viable results after treatment.
The Cost of Teeth Bone Plating Treatment in India
Highly dependent on the extent of the fracture and the treatment approach used, the Teeth Bone Plating Treatment Cost in India ranges from Rs. 25, 000 to 4 lakhs.
Bone plating and healing are a complex and extremely a technique-sensitive procedure that is even prone to failure or mistakes when poorly performed. Pre and postoperative care and treatment must be effective to fix the fracture.