Gum Surgery – Do I Require It?

The gum is a delicate tissue that aids in holding the tooth in its proper position. Gums can be affected by a number of factors and may initially show no signs and symptoms of the underlying problem.

A gum disease is one of the commonest dental problem described as an inflammation of the gum line and can advance with time to affect the bone.

The degrees of gum disease are commonly categorized as;

  • Gingivitis, which is the immediate gum disease, then comes
  • Periodontitis
  • Severe Periodontitis

Common Signs & Symptoms of Gum Disease

  • Tenderness
  • Swollen gums
  • Bleeding
  • Loose teeth
  • Bad breath
  • Receding Gums
    With time, a patient may experience loss of bone around the teeth

Cause of Periodontal Diseases

Several factors may play a part in causing periodontal diseases as explained below.

Poor dental hygiene
In case an individual fails to floss as required and brush at least twice a day, then this will cause a lot of issues that include bad breath, bacteria accumulation, dental plaque, periodontitis, and lastly a periodontal pocket.

The development of a periodontal disease mainly begins with bacteria that isn’t removed medically or through hygiene. This bacteria will multiply to form what is called a dental plaque (biofilm). With time, the gingival tissues will become inflamed, leading to Gingivitis and then may advance to periodontitis and in case not treated, a periodontal pocket will occur.

A periodontal Pocket
A periodontal pocket develops due to plaque bacteria that even spreads below the gum line and infect the pocket and all the surrounding tissue. This situation requires a Gum Reshaping Surgery in India by a well-trained periodontist to restore a patient’s dental health.

Medical treatment before the surgery is done and it is mainly described as therapy to treat the diseased periodontal pockets.

Types of Gum Surgery

  • Gingival Flap Surgery
    Also known as pocket reduction, this surgery involves reducing the periodontal pockets in case they are bigger than 5mm in depth. The periodontist will have to separate the gum tissue from the teeth, clean the depth with an ultrasonic scaling device, also with a specialized device to remove the tartar and any other residue below the pockets.
  • Gingivectomy
    This is mainly a procedure where the periodontist removes excess gum tissue that may have grown over the teeth. Normally, the dentist will have to evaluate the required amount of gum tissue before the surgery.
  • Gingivoplasty
    This surgery can both be performed for medical reasons and cosmetic reasons. It is a surgery where the periodontist reshapes the gum tissue in case of tooth recession or to improve the gum and teeth’s appearance.
  • Soft Tissue Graft
    This is a procedure where the doctor acquires gum tissue from any other mouth location and restores the gum that had receded.

The Cost of Gum Reshaping in India

Gum Surgery is completely an affordable procedure, but may be costly as per the type of surgery suitable. A Gum Reshaping Surgery Cost in India ranges from $100 to $700.

Better oral hygiene is required after a gum reshaping surgery.

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