What is tooth decay in children? What are the symptoms, causes, and treatment?

If you neglect the dental care regime, then there are chances of you experiencing dental problems. To avoid dental problems, you should visit the dental clinic in Whitefield regularly.

Tooth decay

Tooth decay is known as the destruction of tooth enamel. You must be thinking what is enamel right. The hard outer surface of a tooth is known as enamel. Tooth decay can increase the risk of cavities and make a hole in the teeth.

What are the causes of tooth decay?

The person experiences tooth decay due to the accumulation of bacteria and other things. This also occurs when the food item involves carbohydrates left on the teeth. There are food items that are mentioned below:

  • Milk
  • Soda
  • Raisins
  • Candy
  • Cakes
  • Bread
  • Cereals
  • Fruit juices and so on.

Above mentioned food items left in the teeth develop the acids. And bacteria, food, acid as well as saliva make a substance known as plaque. If it is left untreated, then it leads to tooth enamel.

Who are at risk of tooth decay?

It is observed that all the children are having bacteria in their mouth that leads to tooth decay. But below down are the things that will increase the risk of tooth decay.

  • Poor maintenance of teeth
  • Consumption of water with limited or no fluoride.
  • Children consuming excess sugar as well as starch.
  • The flow of saliva is less as compared to normal days.


  • Children ex[perience white spots on the teeth.
  • The light brown sticky substance present in the teeth and with time it will change the colour into dark brown to black.
  • Pain in the tooth.
  • Sensitivity

These are the symptoms which cause tooth decay and cavity.

What is the treatment of it?

There are some factors which needs to consider while doing treatment of children that are mentioned below:

  • Age of the children
  • Symptoms
  • health and so on.

Your dentist will remove the decayed part and do a filling. Fillings are known as the material which is filled in the tooth of the patient experiencing tooth decay. Fillings are of two types that are mentioned below:

Direct Restorations

Indirect restorations, the fillings are made up of silver, fine glass powders, resin, acrylic acids. The dentist will place the filling in the patient mouth where it is needed. In this, the filling will take place at one time.

Indirect Restorations

Indirect restorations, the filling is made up of gold, base metal alloys, ceramics, composites. This filling will take place in two or more visits.


About The Author

Dr. Priya Verma

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