A comprehensive and brief note on some dental problems.

People of every age are suffering from different dental issues. The reason behind every dental problem is the presence of some food particles in between the teeth. Several problems are very common, and some common treatments are helpful for correcting them. An unhealthy diet plan and proper hygiene in the mouth can cause different issues related to the teeth. You can get the best treatment done at a Dental clinic in Bangalore.  

Most common dental problems with relevant treatment. 

Many dental issues are very common, and some relevant treatments are lucrative for the prevention of dental issues. 

Tooth decay

The problem of tooth decay is also known as tooth caries. It is the most common problem. Almost every second person has cavities in the tooth. It occurs because of the presence of bacteria in the mouth. Bacteria make a firm that can be a reason for cavities. Tooth decay occurs when bacteria form a film, called plaque, on the surface of teeth. The bacteria produce acids from the sugars in food. The acids eat away at and permanently damage the enamel, or outer layer, of the tooth. The acids then start working on the softer dentin layer beneath the enamel. 

Symptoms that you feel because of tooth decay. 

  • Bad breath
  • Some spots on a tooth that are black or brown
  • The taste is unpleasant in the mouth. 


You can prevent tooth decay on your level. Clean your mouth properly and use floss to clean the area. Brushing twice a day is important, and using high-fluoride toothpaste for some days can be beneficial for the prevention of tooth decay. If the decay is large, then the dentist suggests fillings for the tooth. 

Gum disease

Many people of different ages, even children, are also troubled with gum diseases. It occurred because of a hard layer of plaque on the tooth. Also, skipping brushing can make a thick layer of plaque on your tooth. 

Symptoms of Gum diseases

  • Red and swollen gums
  • Bleeding during the time of brushing 


Dentists suggest scaling for the removal of a hard layer of plaque. It can reduce the swelling in the gum. If the problem still exists, then you need a sitting for deep scaling. Deep scaling is done under the effect of local anesthesia. 

Bad breath 

Bad breath or halitosis is one of the most common dental problems. It is also among the most distressing. Bad breath can be caused by several different factors, including:


  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Dry mouth
  • Medication
  • Infection
  • Acid reflux
  • Cancer


One or more of the foods you eat could also be the cause of your halitosis. Spices such as garlic and onion are common culprits. Because the causes of bad breath are so varied, your dentist will do a complete assessment and prescribe a course of action that best suits you. 

Sensitivity teeth 

The tooth becomes sensitive to cold and hot foodstuff. It is because the first layer of the tooth, called enamel, is worn away. The dentin has tubes that lead to the nerve deeper inside the tooth. Hot or cold substances can travel along the tubes to the nerve and cause intense pain. Tooth sensitivity is also known as dentin hypersensitivity. 


  • Gum disease
  • Root infection
  • A cracked or broken tooth
  • Worn-down crown or fillings
  • Enamel erosion
  • Receding gums

There are kinds of toothpaste and mouthwashes meant specifically for use with sensitive teeth. Your dentist might also recommend a fluoride treatment, crown, gum graft, or root canal. The chosen treatment depends on the severity of your case.

Cracked and broken teeth

Some hard foods like guava seeds and corn seeds can put a crack in the tooth. It is not visible to the naked eye. To examine it a special radiograph is suggested to the patient. Some other reasons are also responsible for tooth damage, like injury, mouth piercing, grinding of teeth during sleep, and unconscious grinding.  


  • Pain 
  • Some kind of crack you feel with your tongue.


The treatment option is decided after examining the Orthopantomogram because it shows the depth of the crack. For fixing it, veneer, crown and tooth color filling are effective. 

Root infection 

The infection in roots is caused by the bacteria that are present in your mouth. The base or root of your tooth can become infected and swollen with bacteria. It most often happens because of cavities, cracks, or fractures in the tooth. Root infection can lead to damaged tissues and nerves of the tooth and eventually to the development of abscesses.


  • Chronic throbbing toothache
  • Hot and cold sensitivity
  • Severe pain 
  • Chewing is painful 
  • You are not able to locate the area of pain


A root canal treatment is helpful for cleaning the infection in the root. The RCT cost in Bangalore is quite high which people are scared of. 

In this era, every human being is suffering from different dental issues. For proper treatment and guidance, visit the best Dental clinic in Whitefield named Smile Zone Dental Speciality Center.

About The Author

Dr. Priya Verma

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