Causes of Swollen Gums around One Tooth

Sometimes when you look at your teeth while brushing or flossing, you might notice you have swollen gums around the teeth. It might seem uncommon, but it is not unusual and this problem is related to different causes. In this guide, we are going to discuss the widespread causes of swollen gums.

What are swollen gums?

Gums play a prominent part in oral health. The gums are made of firm and pink tissue which covers the jawbone. The tissue is fibrous, thick and has blood vessels. If the gums get swollen then it can bulge out. If the gums are extremely swollen then it can hide the different parts of the mouth. The swollen gums appear red instead of the normal color. Just make sure you visit the dentist right away because he can tell you the best possible solution. 

Possible causes of swollen gums

  • Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is caused by inflammation and infection. Around 46% of the people are diagnosed with the problem of gum disease. The gums that support the teeth get inflamed or infected. The infection occurs when there is plaque buildup. There are 2 stages of periodontal disease:

  • Gingivitis

If the person has swollen gums or inflammation the person has gingivitis. Additional symptoms are:

  • Bleeding Gums
  • Bad breath
  • Gum redness and tenderness

If you do not get the treatment from the dental clinic at the right time then it can lead to the problem of periodontitis. 

  • Periodontitis

Periodontitis is the last stage of the gum disease in which the gums start pulling away or recede away from the tooth. Some of the possible symptoms which a person can experience include:

  • Teeth appear longer due to gum recession
  • Teeth are wobbly or loose
  • Pus between gums and teeth
  • Change in the way the teeth fit together when you bite
  • Change in the way partial dentures fit.
  • Not following a proper oral care routine

Sometimes The food can get trapped in the tooth and the gumline. When you brush and floss properly it can help to remove the debris from the teeth. In case, it is not removed then it can make the gums swollen. If you do not get dental care right away then it can lead to gum disease and tooth decay. 

  • Dental Abscess

A dental abscess is of 2 types which include periapical and periodontal. A dental abscess is the collection of pus around the teeth structure or within the teeth which results in bacterial infection. The periapical abscess occurs due to tooth fracture or tooth decay. 

The periodontal abscess affects the gums. 

Some of the symptoms of a dental abscess include:

  • Intense pain in the tooth or gum
  • Pain radiates to the ear, jaw, or neck
  • Pain gets worse when you lie down
  • A discolored or loose tooth
  • Swelling and redness on the face
  • Sensitivity to hot and cold food
  • Bad Breath

About The Author

Dr. Priya Verma

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