Importance of Oral Health and Hygiene during Pregnancy.

Dental issues are prevalent for different reasons: people are living a poor lifestyle and following inadequate diet plans. Females face several dental problems during pregnancy because of hormonal changes. Problems occurring in oral areas are known as dental problems. These are common in children, adults, and people of old age. People usually refer to the word dental problem as the condition of oral areas. The implant is known as the smile makeover surgery in Bangalore and is the most preferable treatment to fill the missing tooth space. 

What are the common dental issues a pregnant lady can face? 

A woman’s body can alter throughout pregnancy, including her dental health. Among the frequent dental problems that expectant mothers experience are: 

  • Gingivitis: Hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy may increase the gums’ susceptibility to infection and inflammation, which can result in gingivitis. 
  • Pregnancy Tumors: Usually developing in the second trimester, these benign growths may appear on the gums. They are not harmful, although they can cause discomfort and bleed readily. 
  • Increased Risk of Tooth Decay: Pregnancy-related changes in food, dental hygiene practices, and mouth acidity can all raise the risk of tooth decay. 
  • Enamel erosion: During pregnancy, acid reflux and morning sickness can expose teeth to stomach acid, eroding enamel. This may make teeth more sensitive to decay and more vulnerable to it.
  • Pregnancy Gingival Hyperplasia: This condition causes the gums to appear more significant and swollen due to an excess of gum tissue in some pregnant women. Skilled dental care and good oral hygiene are crucial to control this illness.
  • Dry mouth: Pregnancy-related hormonal changes may impact salivary flow, resulting in dry mouth. Tooth decay and oral infections are more likely to occur when salivary flow is reduced.
  • Dental Pain: Dental pain or discomfort may result from pre-existing dental issues like gum disease or tooth decay exacerbated by pregnancy.

The significance of maintaining good oral hygiene and health during pregnancy.

For several reasons, pregnancy is a time to maintain optimal oral health and hygiene.

  • Prevention of dental problems: Regular brushing and flossing help eliminate food particles, bacteria and plaque from the teeth and gums.
  • Decreased Risk of Pregnancy Complications: Studies have indicated a connection between an increased risk of preterm birth, low birth weight, preeclampsia during pregnancy and poor dental health at that time. 
  • Handling oral health alterations associated with pregnancy: Pregnancy-related hormonal changes can impact the oral cavity, resulting in gingivitis, pregnancy tumors and enamel erosion. 
  • Promotion of general health and wellbeing: General health and wellbeing are intimately related to oral health. Heart disease, diabetes, and respiratory infections are just a few of the systemic illnesses for which poor dental hygiene has been linked to an elevated risk. 
  • Getting Ready for Baby’s Arrival: Practicing good dental hygiene during pregnancy helps the pregnant woman take care of her teeth after the baby is born and provides an excellent example for her. Preventing dental issues in early infancy requires starting oral hygiene procedures for newborns early on. 
  • Comfort and Wellbeing: Sensitivity and dental pain are only two of the discomforts of pregnancy. Maintaining dental hygiene will help reduce these symptoms and improve the pregnant mother’s general comfort and wellbeing.


The Best dental clinic in Bangalore, Smile Zone Super Speciality Center, helps you by providing the best suggestions and appropriate treatment plans for your problem. 

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Dr. Priya Verma

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